What Does it Take to Maintain an Aircraft?
Aircrafts should be maintained and inspected regularly so that it will always be in good flying condition. There are many different ways by which aircrafts can be maintained so that all its parts are fully operational, and that is the reason why these complicated vehicles need professionals to service them thoroughly.
Every aircraft need different types of maintenance which are given below.
The fuselage, the wings, and the undercarriage form the airframe, which is the basic mechanical structure of the aircraft. Airframe maintenance is only concerned with the basic mechanical structure which does not include other parts like the engine or the propulsion system. Inspection and replacement of winglets, prevention and control of corrosion, painting, and landing gear replacement are the basic maintenance works performed on an aircraft’s airframe. After travelling a specific number of miles in the air, there is a kind of maintenance which involve detailed inspections which are called ‘letter checks’. A and B are cosmetic checks, C is an intensive check of all the components and the D check is where the aircraft is taken apart and reassembled; these are the components of the letter check. The frequently done checks are the cosmetic A and B checks while the C intensive check and the D dismantling and reassembling, involves a lot of time and are only done every few years.
The other types of maintenance that are also extremely important for aircrafts are the engine and APU (Auxiliary power unit) maintenance. A mechanic that specializes in the aircraft’s specific engine type is tasked to do this type of maintenance. The work involved in the engine includes comprehensive engine testing, removal and reinstallation, and troubleshooting. There is also a need to check and regularly maintain the aircraft’s APU. For functions not related to propulsion, it is the APU that provides the aircraft’s power. A specialized mechanic is needed to do this maintenance work; someone who is well versed in fixing the specific make and model of the APU.
The checking and repairing of other essential parts of the aircraft should be done regularly too. Component removal and cleaning, anti-corrosion compound application, parts lubrication, and damaged parts replacements are the activities involved in a complete aircraft components’ check. To make sure that all pneumatic and hydraulic systems are running smoothly, the technician will also run tests on them.
Avionics or aircraft electronics are very important factors in an aircraft’s overall performance. Testing of avionics focuses on all the navigation and communication equipment, including GPS, radar, radio communications, and computer systems. When it is necessary, the technician will rewire and replace components. Someone who has a strong technical knowledge of electric engineering is the right mechanic to do this job. We see here that aircraft maintenance is a process which is extensive and multifaceted. These are the stages of maintenance that every aircraft owner should understand so that they will known the condition of the aircraft and its performance capability.